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I really doubt this truck has a barometric pressure sensor on it. The truck does of course adjust for changes in O2 density (lower ambient pressure). But the sensor for adjusting for O2 fluctuations is the O2 sensor, not a barometric sensor.
Manifold Absolute Pressure.....MAP
Which is a fancy way of say air pressure or lack thereof.
 

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Am I missing something? Why can't the ECM know fuel flow by counting the number of times the injectors fire? I would think the flow would be easier to control digitally by injecting the same amount of fuel each time and modulating the firing rate. The distance traveled is known. Divide the two to get mpg. Who cares about temperatures, pressures, etc? MPG is about what has already happened, not predicting the future. What I am reading here sounds like an awfully complicated way to do this.
 

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Manifold Absolute Pressure.....MAP
Which is a fancy way of say air pressure or lack thereof.


MAP is NOT the same as ambient pressure. The air filter, inter-cooler, turbo all contribute to pressure differences between ambient and manifold pressure. But more importantly the MAP sensor is there for boost calculations, not MPG.
 

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Am I missing something? Why can't the ECM know fuel flow by counting the number of times the injectors fire? I would think the flow would be easier to control digitally by injecting the same amount of fuel each time and modulating the firing rate. The distance traveled is known. Divide the two to get mpg. Who cares about temperatures, pressures, etc? MPG is about what has already happened, not predicting the future. What I am reading here sounds like an awfully complicated way to do this.
It is a complicated way to do this. I didn't write the algorithm taking into account all the parameters/variables that the designers did include. I guess if it was easy the MPG display would be dead nuts on like the odometer is when measuring distance (well almost this accurate AND consistent too). The odometer doesn't give wildly variable numbers when we take our foot off the throttle or accelerate does it. Problem is all the variables (as I stated before) in the program. IF there was a way to accurately WEIGH the fuel in the tank then it would be REAL easy get an accurate/consistent MPG number. distance traveled / lbs/hr fuel burned. That would be THE way to go.
 

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MAP is NOT the same as ambient pressure. The air filter, inter-cooler, turbo all contribute to pressure differences between ambient and manifold pressure. But more importantly the MAP sensor is there for boost calculations, not MPG.
Ok, guess I should be a clearer. MAP is the absolute pressure difference between ambient pressure (atmosphere) and manifold (intake) pressure. The MAP sensor is required to determine the pressure differential between the manifold pressure and atmospheric pressure. It can also be used to calculate airflow.
here to save a lot of typing. getting lazy. :)
MAP sensor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 

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Ok, guess I should be a clearer. MAP is the absolute pressure difference between ambient pressure (atmosphere) and manifold (intake) pressure. The MAP sensor is required to determine the pressure differential between the manifold pressure and atmospheric pressure. It can also be used to calculate airflow.
here to save a lot of typing. getting lazy. :)
MAP sensor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wouldn't an even more accurate measurement be a flow meter on the fuel line?


I still don't see why the designers would include any temps, boost, etc. into the MPG calculation when the injection duty cycle would be a much closer measurement of fuel consumption.


The variation between the truck MPG and real-world is likely due to variations in the amount of energy contained in the fuel. It could also be that assuming each injector delivers the same amount of fuel every time is inaccurate (rail pressure varies?).
 

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Wouldn't an even more accurate measurement be a flow meter on the fuel line?


I still don't see why the designers would include any temps, boost, etc. into the MPG calculation when the injection duty cycle would be a much closer measurement of fuel consumption.


The variation between the truck MPG and real-world is likely due to variations in the amount of energy contained in the fuel. It could also be that assuming each injector delivers the same amount of fuel every time is inaccurate (rail pressure varies?).
That's why I said fuel weight in the tank. Flow meters would be nice BUT there is also the fuel return line to deal with. Not all the fuel that goes through the pump is injected into the engine. More is returned to the tank than is actually used. With the V6 Motori Common Rail engine there would have to be 6 (or however many cylinders there are on any given Common Rail engine) flow meters (1 for each cylinder) as all fuel leaving the high pressure pump is under high pressure to the fuel "log" then to the individual injector lines. The fuel that is not used (metered) through the injectors is "dumped/returned" from the fuel "log" back to the tank.
 

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That's why I said fuel weight in the tank. Flow meters would be nice BUT there is also the fuel return line to deal with. Not all the fuel that goes through the pump is injected into the engine. More is returned to the tank than is actually used. With the V6 Motori Common Rail engine there would have to be 6 (or however many cylinders there are on any given Common Rail engine) flow meters (1 for each cylinder) as all fuel leaving the high pressure pump is under high pressure to the fuel "log" then to the individual injector lines. The fuel that is not used (metered) through the injectors is "dumped/returned" from the fuel "log" back to the tank.
Why would you need 6? Two would be sufficient I would think (a supply and a return).
 

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Why would you need 6? Two would be sufficient I would think (a supply and a return).
2 would work you are correct. I was just thinking for accurate data acquisition (fuel flow) for each cylinder. Getting a little to in depth. we use individual pyro's for each cylinder when testing. I was going a little overboard I guess. Old habits....as many channels of data as possible. removes more variables :eek:
 

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2 would work you are correct. I was just thinking for accurate data acquisition (fuel flow) for each cylinder. Getting a little to in depth. we use individual pyro's for each cylinder when testing. I was going a little overboard I guess. Old habits....as many channels of data as possible. removes more variables :eek:

So do you work for one of the Big 3?
 

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So do you work for one of the Big 3?
No, let's just say that I do "third party independent evaluations" i.e unbiased quality control. Plus I still do R & D. I'm not "in it" like I used to be but I've been "at it" for about 38 years (+/-). I started right around the time the first emissions hardware was being implemented. (mid-'70's)
 

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No, let's just say that I do "third party independent evaluations" i.e unbiased quality control. Plus I still do R & D. I'm not "in it" like I used to be but I've been "at it" for about 38 years (+/-). I started right around the time the first emissions hardware was being implemented. (mid-'70's)
So the obvious question then is, have you actually seen the algorithm used for the MPG calculation and it is using the 6 or more parameters you listed earlier? I design medical devices for a living so I'm certainly not an automotive expert but I have a hard time understanding why they go to such lengths to have a result that is so inaccurate.
 

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Ok, guess I should be a clearer. MAP is the absolute pressure difference between ambient pressure (atmosphere) and manifold (intake) pressure. The MAP sensor is required to determine the pressure differential between the manifold pressure and atmospheric pressure. It can also be used to calculate airflow.
here to save a lot of typing. getting lazy. :)
MAP sensor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
I believe that is not correct. Manifold absolute pressure is the difference between zero pressure and the manifold pressure. Boost is the difference between atmospheric pressure and manifold pressure.


One of my engines, for example, will show ~14 psi MAP when the engine is not running and ~29 psi at full load. So, it is getting ~15 psi of boost above atmospheric pressure.
 

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So the obvious question then is, have you actually seen the algorithm used for the MPG calculation and it is using the 6 or more parameters you listed earlier? I design medical devices for a living so I'm certainly not an automotive expert but I have a hard time understanding why they go to such lengths to have a result that is so inaccurate.
for this particular application no I haven't seen it. But I am familiar with what is used (sensors) in the so called "modern/computer era" applications. correct it doesn't make a lot of sense. But the thinking is "we have all that information anyway let's use it". If they would do away with the instant MPG end of the display/readout and just do an average over time/fuel burned/used I think there would be a lot less confusion and a lot more stable/realistic numbers reported. IMO the instant display/readout is what throws everything/everyone off. IF they wanted a reset/clear function it should delete/erase the last AVERAGE MPG and start a new average. Forget the instant which in reality means NOTHING. JMO :)
 

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Wouldn't an even more accurate measurement be a flow meter on the fuel line?


I still don't see why the designers would include any temps, boost, etc. into the MPG calculation when the injection duty cycle would be a much closer measurement of fuel consumption.


The variation between the truck MPG and real-world is likely due to variations in the amount of energy contained in the fuel. It could also be that assuming each injector delivers the same amount of fuel every time is inaccurate (rail pressure varies?).

A flow meter in the fuel line doesn't work because there is a return line and only part of the fuel that is flowing is delivered to the injectors.


Knowing fuel pressure, injection time width and nozzle size, the amount of fuel can be calculated. Energy in the fuel doesn't matter. Only the fuel used and miles covered matter. Overall accuracy is probably dictated by injector pulse width accuracy and rail pressure and perhaps other parameters to a lesser degree.
 

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I believe that is not correct. Manifold absolute pressure is the difference between zero pressure and the manifold pressure. Boost is the difference between atmospheric pressure and manifold pressure.


One of my engines, for example, will show ~14 psi MAP when the engine is not running and ~29 psi at full load. So, it is getting ~15 psi of boost above atmospheric pressure.
I believe you are just stating the same thing taking into consideration that atmospheric pressure is 14.7 psi. When I try to explain this I don't even go into the "normal/average" atmospheric pressure is 14.7. gets way too complicated way too quick. You are correct, the MAP sensor measures the differential between manifold and atmospheric pressure. (which changes with elevation and weather conditions).
 

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A flow meter in the fuel line doesn't work because there is a return line and only part of the fuel that is flowing is delivered to the injectors.


Knowing fuel pressure, injection time width and nozzle size, the amount of fuel can be calculated. Energy in the fuel doesn't matter. Only the fuel used and miles covered matter. Overall accuracy is probably dictated by injector pulse width accuracy and rail pressure and perhaps other parameters to a lesser degree.
If two flow meters were used (one in the line from the pump to the rail and another in the return line to the tank) it could be made to work. Probably a lot easier and more accurate that's for sure.
 

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I believe you are just stating the same thing taking into consideration that atmospheric pressure is 14.7 psi. When I try to explain this I don't even go into the "normal/average" atmospheric pressure is 14.7. gets way too complicated way too quick. You are correct, the MAP sensor measures the differential between manifold and atmospheric pressure. (which changes with elevation and weather conditions).
Actually if the MAP sensor is reading 14.7 psi with the engine off that implies it is an absolute sensor not a differential sensor in the traditional sense. What makes a sensor absolute is that it is a differential sensor measuring pressure relative to a vacuum (ambient pressure places 14.7 pounds per sq inch on a completely evacuated chamber). Otherwise the MAP sensor would read 0 psi when the engine is off since ambient and the manifold are at the same pressure.
 

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Actually if the MAP sensor is reading 14.7 psi with the engine off that implies it is an absolute sensor not a differential sensor in the traditional sense. What makes a sensor absolute is that it is a differential sensor measuring pressure relative to a vacuum (ambient pressure places 14.7 pounds per sq inch on a completely evacuated chamber). Otherwise the MAP sensor would read 0 psi when the engine is off since ambient and the manifold are at the same pressure.
you are correct! In trying to simplify this I'm getting my defintions backwards. MAP is absolute. Differential would be equated to a boost/vac gauge that starts at-0- when the engine is OFF. MY error. :(hope I didn't confuse anyone other than myself. so much for simplify! I'll just go back to the way I usually have to explain. Heaven help us. 0:)
 

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The Ram eco diesel uses a Bosch EDC17 ecm and there is an internal barometer sensor in it. It is used to determine altitude and corresponding corrections in boost setpoint, injection timing, egr rates, etc. Bosch also has some diagnostic routines that compare the barometer reading and MAP reading at idle in certain conditions as a check to see if the MAP sensor is drifting.

There are injector maps in the software that give the fuel flow based on rpm/load. These are calibrated on a test bench. They are not extremely accurate due to build variation, but typically within 3%. There are also corrections in there for fuel temp. Generally speaking, if you want to know you real fuel economy, use actual miles driven divided by fuel fill at the pump. Most manufacturers bias the calculated fuel economy a few % to give you that 'feel good' feeling.
 
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